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Submitted: 09 Jan 2019
Accepted: 20 May 2019
ePublished: 24 Jun 2019
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Avicenna J Med Biochem. 2019;7(1): 28-34.
doi: 10.34172/ajmb.2019.06
  Abstract View: 1018
  PDF Download: 481

Review Article

Long Non-coding Ribonucleic Acid as a Novel Diagnosis and Prognosis Biomarker of Bladder Cancer

Saeid Afshar 1 ORCID logo, Saman Seyedabadi 2, Massoud Saidijam 3, Pouria Samadi 4, Hamzeh Mazaherilaghab 5, Ali Mahdavinezhad 6* ORCID logo

1 PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Molecular Medicine and Genetics, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
2 MSc, Department of Molecular Medicine and Genetics, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
3 PhD,Full Professor in Medical Biothecnology, Research Center for Molecular Medicine, Department of Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
4 PhD Student in Medical Biothecnology,Department of Molecular Medicine and Genetics, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
5 PhD, Assistant Professor ,School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
6 MD, Phd, Assistant Professor, Research Center for Molecular Medicine, Department of Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Corresponding author: Ali Mahdavinezhad, MD, Phd, Assistant Professor, Research Center for Molecular Medicine, Department of Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. E-mail: , Email: alimahdavin@gmail.com

Abstract

Long non-coding ribonucleic acids (lncRNAs) are the largest group of non-coding RNAs and supposedly have a broad spectrum of diverse functions in normal cellular processes. This study was carried out to review the biological functions of candidate lncRNAs (i.e., H19, MALAT-1, TUG1, UCA-1, MEG3, HOTAIR, CCAT2, AATBC, and the like) with aberrant expressions that play critical roles in bladder cancer (BC) initiation, progression, and metastasis. A formal narrative review was performed by searching the PubMed database for English articles using a combination of keywords such as “long non-coding RNA”, “lncRNA”, “cancer”, “bladder cancer”, “screening”, “prognosis”, “diagnosis”, and “response to therapy”. In addition, the existing literature was studied on biological function, aberrant expression, and the clinical applications of candidate lncRNAs in BC. By a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of lncRNAs, they can be used as biomarkers for tumor signatures in urologic malignancies, which can improve screening, prognosis, diagnosis, and the treatment of BC.
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