Submitted: 21 Jan 2023
Revision: 15 Jun 2023
Accepted: 19 Jun 2023
ePublished: 15 Aug 2023
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Avicenna J Med Biochem. 2023;11(2): 102-110.
doi: 10.34172/ajmb.2417
  Abstract View: 338
  PDF Download: 204

Original Article

Ethnobotanical Survey of Medicinal Plants Used for Wound Healing in Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area Enugu State Nigeria

Cletus Anes Ukwubile 1* ORCID logo, Simon Paul 2, Babagana Modu 3

1 Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
2 Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Federal University of Health Sciences, Otukpo, Nigeria
3 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Cletus Anes Ukwubile, Emails: caukwubile@unimaid. edu.ng, Email: doccletus@yahoo.com


Background: Due to numerous advantages derived from the use of plants, at least 70% of the indigenes of the Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area (LGA) depend on plants.

Objectives: The present study was performed to survey medicinal plants used for wound healing by the indigenes of communities in Uzo-Uwani LGA, Nigeria.

Methods: A survey was conducted from February to September 2022 to find out plants that are employed for wound healing by the indigenes. Information was gathered through oral interviews, including semi-structured questionnaires, with traditional medicine practitioners in each community, herbalists, and elderly villagers.

Results: Overall, 33 plants belonging to 26 families were identified consisting of trees (51.51%), herbs (33.33%), and shrubs (15.15%), and 15.15%, 36.36%, and 48.48% were endangered, threatened, and neither threatened nor endangered, respectively. From the findings, 51.51%, 24.24%, and 24.24% were collected wild, wild plus cultivated, and cultivated, respectively. Fabaceae (21.21%) and Asteraceae (9.10%) families were the highest used species for wound healing, respectively, followed by Liliaceae (6.10%) and Rubiaceae (6.10%) families. Leaves (36.36%) were the most frequently used part, followed by the stembarks (27.27%), whole plant (12.12%), and roots (9.10%), seeds (9.10%), as well as shoot, fruits/pods, and aerial parts (3.03% each). Decoction (72.72%) and infusion (27.27%) were the prominent methods of use. Pycnanthus angolensis had the highest use value (1.04%), fidelity level (100%), informants’ consensus factor (0.66 %), and Rahman’s similarity index (RSI) (84.06%) but low citation.

Conclusion: Our findings documented medicinal plants used as ethnomedicinal prescriptions for wound healing by the indigenes with the view to providing alternate drug sources.

Please cite this article as follows: Ukwubile CA, Paul S, Modu B. Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used for wound healing in Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area Enugu State Nigeria. Avicenna J Med Biochem. 2023; 11(2):102-110. doi:10.34172/ajmb.2417
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