Submitted: 10 Sep 2021
Revision: 04 Dec 2021
Accepted: 11 Dec 2021
ePublished: 29 Dec 2021
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - Firefox Plugin)

Avicenna J Med Biochem. 2021;9: 54-58.
doi: 10.34172/ajmb.2021.10
  Abstract View: 131
  PDF Download: 98

Research Article

Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Analysis and Inhibitory Activity Against Candida albicans ATCC 10231 of the Leave Ethanolic Extract From Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle

Monica Puspasari 1, Gloria Stefanie 1, Kris Herawan Timotius 1,2* ORCID logo

1 Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Krida Wacana Christian University, Jakarta, Indonesia
2 Research Center for Jamu and Herbal Medicine, Jakarta, Indonesia
*Corresponding Author: Corresponding author: Kris Herawan Timotius, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Krida Wacana Christian University, Research Center for Jamu and Herbal Medicine, Jakarta, Indonesia Email: , Email: kh_timotius@ukrida.ac.id


Background: Candida albicans is one of the important infectious yeasts that is associated with candidiasis, including oral candidiasis. The extracts of various herbal materials are potential for treating candidiasis.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine phytochemical constituents of the leaf ethanolic extract of Citrus aurantifolia with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and to investigate the inhibiting effect of this extract on the planktonic growth of C. albicans.

Methods: The fresh leaves of C. aurantifolia were macerated overnight with ethanol. The extract was analysed with GC-MS. C. albicans ATCC 10231 was used in this study. The well-diffusion procedure was applied to detect the anti-candida activity qualitatively. Finally, real-time planktonic growth was employed for detecting the anti-candida activity quantitatively. Results: GC-MS analysis revealed four dominant components in the ethanolic leaf extract of C. aurantifolia, namely, limonene, geraniol, phytol, and caryophyllene. The extract inhibited the growth of C. albicans either under the agar diffusion test or real-time planktonic growth. The specific growth rate of C. albicans was slower in the liquid culture with the extract. The specific growth rates of the 0 (control), 13.3, and 26.6 µg/mL were 0.582, 0.384, and 0.272, respectively. Eventually, the yields of the treated growth with 0 (control), 13.3, and 26.6 µg/mL were OD850 of 4.5, 3.0, and 3.7, respectively.

Conclusion: The leaf ethanolic extract of C. aurantifolia contains bioactive compounds which have anticandida activity. Thus, it is a good material for new anti-candida ingredients in the future

Keywords: Anti-Candida, Caryophyllene, Geraniol, Limonene, Phytol,
First Name
Last Name
Email Address
Security code

Abstract View: 132

Your browser does not support the canvas element.

PDF Download: 98

Your browser does not support the canvas element.