Avicenna Journal of Medical Biochemistry (AJMB) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal that considers any original contribution improving or shedding lights on health policy research and practice, or providing evidence about developing, implementing, and analyzing health policies. AJMB is intended to enhance communication among health system researchers, policy and decision-makers, legislators, professionals, and practitioners. AJMB publishes diverse categories of articles. All types of articles are subject to peer-review. The journal publishes the following types of contribution:

AJMB Article Types:


Editorials are the message of the AJMB and are written in-house by the journal's Editorial Board members. Editorials are preferably no more than 2000 words. These provide state of the art discussions on the AJMB main scopes. An unstructured abstract is required for these types of articles.

Review Article

These articles consist of systematic reviews, meta-analyses, meta-syntheses, and health system reviews. These articles may be up to 7000 words excluding abstract, tables, and references. Inclusion and exclusion criteria for studies should be described in a flow diagram. The specific type of study or analysis, intervention, population, exposure, outcomes or tests should be described for each data source or article. Authors are to clearly cover the following topics in the method section: search strategy and selection criteria, data extraction, quality assessment, and data analysis. A structured abstract is required.


We welcome theories and ideas having a great deal of empirical and observational support. These articles should not exceed 2000 words and should include an unstructured abstract.

Original Article

These articles must be of primary research, methodologically accurate, and relevant to international health policy and management. They should contain no more than 5000 words excluding structured abstract, tables, and references. Each manuscript should clearly state an objective or hypothesis; the design of study and methodology (including study setting, patients or participants, inclusion and exclusion criteria, sampling and data source); data analysis and interpretations; the main results of the study, discussing the results; addressing study limitations and the conclusion. For all original articles, a structured abstract is required.

Short Communication

These types of articles are not intended to publish preliminary results, but the results which are of exceptional interest and are particularly topical and relevant. These articles should be no more than 2500 words including up to three figures or tables, references and the main text. An unstructured abstract is required for these types of articles. 

Policy Brief

Our policy briefs are intended to represent the findings and recommendations of your research project to non-specialized readers. You may write policy briefs to advice policies based on lessons learned from your research. These articles should not exceed 2500 words. Components of a policy brief are outlined in below:

  • An unstructured abstract of maximum 250 words.
  • Statement of the issue/problem and a short background of the problem.
  • Describing the current situation of the topic
  • Introducing 2-3 options including the pros and cons of each
  • Identify recommended option and justify the recommendation

Letter to Editor

We welcome short letters with topics of interest to the AJMB readership. These letters should not exceed 700 words including only one table or figure, references and the main text. No abstract is required for these articles.

Please insert the type of your manuscript on top of the Title Page and Main Manuscript.

Ethics in Publishing

As AJMB follows the guidelines of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), for information on this matter in publishing and ethical guidelines please visit COPE.

Please note that any submission that has data collected from human subjects requires ethics approval. In this case, a clear statement to this effect must be made in any submitted manuscript presenting such research, specifying that the free and informed consent of the subjects was obtained. If your manuscript does not include ethics approval, your article will not be sent out for review. For qualitative articles it is mandatory that the following general principles be considered when submitting your manuscript.

  • Details of formal ethical approval should be stated in the main body of the article. If authors were not required to obtain ethical approval (as is the case in some countries) or unable to obtain attain ethical approval (as sometimes occurs in resource-poor settings) they should explain this. Please anonymize this information as appropriate in the manuscript, and give the information when asked during submission.
  • Procedures for securing informed consent should be provided.


- Responsibilities of authors:

Permission to use or publish an institution data: If you wish to publish the data/information of an institution, you should seek the institution permission and provide us with the signed permission once we ask for this. During submission you should inform us if you have obtained such permission.

Using Website information: Most materials on the Internet are protected by copyright. In such case you need to obtain permission from the website which owns the copyright. Some website materials, however, may not be original to the website and you need to identify the right-holder and seek permission.

Informed consent

According to ICMJE guidelines patients or, in general research, participants have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published. Authors should identify individuals who provide writing assistance and disclose the funding source for this assistance.

- Conflict of interest

According to ICMJE guidelines, a conflict of interest may exist when an author (or the author’s institution), reviewer or editor has personal or financial relationships that influence (bias) inappropriately his/her action (such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties). These relationships vary from those with negligible potential to those with great potential to influence judgment, and not all relationships represent true conflict of interest. The potential for conflict of interest can exist whether or not an individual believes that the relationship affects his or her scientific judgment. Financial relationships (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony) are the most easily identifiable conflicts of interest and the most likely to undermine the credibility of the journal, the authors, and of science itself. However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion.

Authors must make sure that they have declared any actual or potential conflicts of interest in their manuscript when submitting their work (if any). The corresponding author is responsible for confirming with the co-authors whether they have any conflicts to be declared or not (For further information please visit ICMJE).


The journal articles are under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY 4.0). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


AJMB uses the Cross iThenticate Plagiarism detector to screen submitted manuscripts for originality. Using this service, we can detect if a manuscript contains passages of text that appear in other publications or resources.


Language (usage and editing services)

All publications in the AJMB are in English. Authors whose first language is not English should make sure their manuscript is written in idiomatic English before submission. Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). No language and copy-editing services are provided by the AJMB; hence, authors who feel their manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors are encouraged to obtain such services prior to submission. Authors are responsible for all costs associated with such services.

Submission Declaration and Verification

By submitting an article, you ensure that your work has not been published previously, except in the form of a conference abstract or as part of a published lecture or thesis for an academic qualification. This implies that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere and its publication is approved by all authors and responsible authorities where the work was carried out. It is highly important that if an acceptance is offered, your work will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other languages, including electronically without the written consent of the Hamadan University of Medical Sciences as the copyright-holder. Authors should not submit the same manuscript, in the same or different languages, simultaneously to more than one journal (For further information please visit ICMJE Recommendation).


Manuscript File Format

Acceptable manuscripts' file formats include Microsoft Word and WordPerfect. Do not submit your manuscripts in PDF format.

Text Style Guide

Use A4 size. Text should be left-justified. Use 12-point font size. Use preferably Times and New Romans font. Use 1.5 line spacing. Use line and page number. Use Initial Upper Case for Title, Headings and Subheadings, Keywords, Affiliations, and Authors’ Name. Make the titles, headings and subheadings bold or use different color. Use footnote at the end of manuscript before references (no footnote for each page). Make the files anonymous; please find the guide for Office 2013 below:

Open your word file-- Click on “File” button—“Check for Issues” section-- Select “Inspect Document”-- Click on “Inspect” button-- Click “Remove All” next to Document Properties and Personal Information-- Finally save the changes.


Preparing Title Page and Main Manuscript 

Title Page

The title page should contain the following components:

  • Manuscript Title: please keep it as precise and concise as possible and ensure it reflects the subject matter
  • Corresponding author's name, qualification, affiliation, telephone number, and email address
  • Each author's affiliation, email address, and qualifications

You can submit your title page using the Sample Word Template provided here.

Important Note: While submitting your manuscript please bear in mind to upload the  Authorship From as well (this form must be completed and signed by corresponding author).

Main Manuscript Components

The manuscript should follow through these sections: Abstract (no more than 250 words), Background, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, and References. However, it may be appropriate to combine the discussion and conclusion sections in some articles. Tables and Figures should be inserted at the end of the manuscript and authors should not upload them as separate files. Please add page numbers and line numbers for your manuscript.

The manuscript should contains following components:

  • Ethical issues: if your manuscript is an original article you should name the ethics committee that has approved the study.
  • Acknowledgements: in this section, all sources of funding for research must be explicitly stated, including grant numbers if appropriate. Other financial and material support, specifying the nature of the support, should be acknowledged as well.
  • Conflict of interest: if your work is sponsored by a funder with a proprietary or financial interest in the outcome, please clearly state this in your title page.
  • Authors' contributions: in this section, you must specify explicitly who did what based on the substantive intellectual contribution made to the article. It should be noted that any changes should be made by completing the Change of Authorship Form before an acceptance is granted on the manuscript.

-      Abstract

Include a structured abstract of no more than 250 words for original articles and reviews. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. It should state briefly and clearly the purpose and setting of the research, the principal findings and major conclusions, and the article's contribution to knowledge. Abstracts should be prepared in AJMB style including background, methods, results and conclusion. For other manuscripts, include an unstructured manuscript of no more than defined word limits that summarizes the objectives and background, main points and conclusions of the article. Abstracts are not required for correspondence and letters to editors.

-      Keywords

Up to 3-6 keywords are entered separately into the online system during submission, and should accurately reflect the content of the article. Abbreviations/acronyms could be used with their expansions. The keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

-      Formulas 

  • Equations should be typed only in MathType (Download the software from http://www.dessci.com/en/products/mathtype/).
  • Graphical objects should not be used.
  • Your equations should be editable.
  • If you have used built-in equation editing tool in Microsoft Word, the equations will become unusable during the typesetting process. To resolve this problem, please re-key your equations using MathType.
  • Long equations should be set off from the text and numbered sequentially.
  • If you cannot avoid using many equations or schemes, you can collect them in a table of equations and shot them as a framed figure to avoid typesetting errors.   


-      Tables 

  • Should be prepared left to right and cell-based (i.e., created in Word with the Tables tool).
  • Table number and caption always appear above the table. Leave 2 line spaces between the table and the caption.
  • Should be editable and upright on the page, not on sideways.
  • Should be prepared with real rows and columns and not aligned with tabs, returns, or spaces.
  • Multi-part tables with varying numbers of columns or multiple footnotes should be organized as separate tables.
  • Should be plain with NO colors, shading, or graphics.
  • Should not contain inserted text boxes, tables within tables or cells within cells.
  • Should be cited in numerical order upon their first mention.
  • Symbols and abbreviations should be defined immediately below the table, followed by essential brief description.
  • All tables should be inserted at the end of the manuscript and authors should not upload them as separate files. 


-      Figures/illustrations 

  • All figures/images must be cited at the end of the main text in numerical order.
  • All figures/images must be centered. Figure number and legend always appear below the figure. Leave 2 line spaces between the figure and the legend.
  • Figures must be prepared in one of the following formats: Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) for photography or microscopy, Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) for illustrations or diagrams, Tagged Image File Format (TIFF), EPS, or PS. Files prepared with Adobe Illustrator, Corel Draw or Adobe Photoshop should be uploaded in these native file formats.
  • All digitized images must be of high quality; that is, resolutions of at least 300 dpi for color figures, 600 dpi for greyscales and 1200 dpi for line arts.
  • Histograms should be prepared in a simple, two-dimensional format, with no background grid.
  • Make sure that any specific patient/hospital details are removed or blacked out (e.g., X-rays, MRI scans, etc).
  • If photographs of patients are used, they should not be identifiable. However, do not use a black bar to obscure a patient’s identity.
  • Original data from which the images were prepared should be available, as the editors may request to see these data (e.g., Office, SPSS and other line art images).
  • Lettering in figures (e.g., labeling of axes) should be in lower-case type, with the first letter capitalized and no full stop. All text should be in a sans-serif typeface, preferably Arial with size 8 pt.
  • Avoid using the touch-up tools, such as cloning and healing tools in Photoshop, or any feature that deliberately obscures manipulations.
  • Graphics downloaded from Web pages should not be used.
  • Please remember that Vector drawing data is absent from these files: png, jpeg, tiff, or bmp. Subsequently resaving any of these files as a PDF or EPS will not produce a vector drawing in these files. Please supply the original EPS, ai, or PDF file versions of artwork.
  • Figures/images should be inserted at the end of the manuscript and authors should not upload them as separate files.

Acceptable digital formats are:

  1. Corel Draw
  2. Adobe Illustrator
  3. Unlocked PDFs created from a vector program
  4. Microsoft PowerPoint, Excel, and Word as long as graphs are not placed into these programs as rasterized images  

Not acceptable file formats are:

  1. Canvas
  2. DeltaGraph
  3. Tex
  4. ChemDraw
  5. SigmaPlot 

Note: Convert these files to PDF, EPS or postscript formats before submission.

Figure requirements in brief:

Color mode

RGB (8 bit/channel) or grayscale only

Multi-panel figures

Figure file must contain all parts in one file

White space

Crop out excess from around image content

File size

Under 10 MB


Vertical, not turned sideways



300-600 dpi


Flattened, no layers

Alpha channels

No alpha channels


LZW required

Background color

White, not transparent



Must be converted to outlines or saved with embedded fonts


-      References  

  • Arrange references as a simple list at the end of your manuscript based on our Endnote style which is downloadable through AJMB Endnote Style
  • Authors are responsible for the accuracy of cited references and these should be checked before the manuscript is submitted.
  • Only one publication can be listed for each number.
  • Published conference abstracts, numbered patents and preprints on recognized servers may be included in reference lists, but text, grant details and acknowledgements may not  citing in the text.
  • Cite references in the text, tables, or figures in consecutively numerical order using Arabic numerals in parenthesis. It is acceptable for a reference to be cited only in a table or a figure legend and not in the text if it is in sequence with references cited in text.
  • Use reference numbers inside periods and commas,colons and semicolons.
  • Two references are cited with a comma and no space. Three or more consecutive references are cited in a range with dashes.
  • References in tables, figures, and panels should be in numerical order according to where the item is cited in the text.
  • Please note that if references are not cited in order the manuscript may be returned for amendment before it is passed on to the Editor for assessment.
  • Only articles published or in press should be included in the reference list. Personal communications or unpublished data must be cited in parentheses in the text with the name(s) of the source(s) and the year. Authors should request permission from the source to cite unpublished data.  
  • In reference list:

List the surnames and initials of first names of all authors if there are 6 or fewer; otherwise list the first 3 and add ‘et al.’ Use one space only between words up to the year and then no spaces. The journal title should be in italic and abbreviated according to the style of PubMed. If the journal is not listed in PubMed, then it should be written out in full. Check journal abbreviations using PubMed.

  • General rules from the 10th edition of AMA
  • Items are listed numerically in the order they are cited in the text.
  • Include up to 6 authors.
  • For more than six, provide the names of the first three authors and then add et al.
  • If there is no author, start with the title.
  • Examples of AJMB End Note Style:
  • Journal article (1-6 authors)

Michaud J, Kates J. Global health diplomacy: Advancing foreign policy and global health interests. Glob Health Sci Pract. 2013; 1(1): 24-28. doi:10.9745/GHSP-D-12-00048

  • Journal article (more than 6 authors)

Hu WS, Ting WJ, Chiang WD, et al. The heart protection effect of alcalase potato protein hydrolysate is through IGF1R-PI3K-Akt compensatory reactivation in aging rats on high fat diets. Int J Mol Sci. 2015;16(5):10158-10172. doi: 10.3390/ijms160510158

  • Book

Reuter T. Sharing the Earth, Dividing the Land: Land and Territory in the Austronesian World. Canberra: Australian National University Press; 2006.

  • Book Section

Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, eds. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002:93-113.

  • Newspaper article – in print

Wolf W. State’s mail-order drug plan launched. Minneapolis Star Tribune. May 14, 2004:1B.

  • Newspaper article – online

Pollack A. FDA approves new cystic fibrosis drug. New York Times. January 31, 2012. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/01/business/fda-approves-cystic-fibrosis-drug.html?ref=health. Accessed February 1, 2012.

  • Websites

Outbreak notice: Cholera in Haiti. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/outbreak-notice/haiti-cholera.htm. Updated January 9, 2012. Accessed February 1, 2012.

  •  Thesis

Weisbaum LD. Human sexuality of children and adolescents: a comprehensive training guide for social work professionals [master's thesis]. Long Beach (CA): California State University; 2005.

  •  Conference proceedings 

Chu H, Rosenthal M. Search engines for the World Wide Web: a comparative study and evaluation methodology. Paper presented at: American Society for Information Science 1996 Annual Conference; October 19 24, 1996; Baltimore, MD. http://www.asis.org/annual-96/electronicproceedings/chu.html. Accessed February 26, 200

   download this style

-      Statistics

For the reporting of statistical analyses please consider the following points:

  • Focus the statistical analysis at the research question.
  • Report simple analyses first, then more sophisticated results.
  • Provide information about participation and missing data.
  • As much as possible, describe results using meaningful phrases (E.g., do not say "beta" or "regression coefficient", but "mean change in Y per unit of X"). Provide 95% confidence intervals for estimates.
  • Report the proportions as N (%), not just %.
  • Maintain the consistency of reporting all decimal places across the manuscript (either one decimal or two decimal places).
  • Report p values with 2 digits after the decimal. e.g. 0.54, 0.03.
  • Always include a leading zero before the decimal point (e.g. 0.32 not .32).

-      Abbreviations and Symbols

Use only standard abbreviations; use of nonstandard abbreviations can be confusing to readers. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used on first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement (For further information please visit ICMJE Recommendation).


During submission you will be asked if you wish to suggest the names and email addresses of potential reviewers. Note that the editor-in-chief retains the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers are invited.



All contributing authors should qualify for authorship. The order of authorship should be a joint decision of the co-authors. Sufficient participation in the work is of utmost importance. Authorship credit should be based on substantial contribution to conception and design, execution, or analysis and interpretation of data. All authors should be involved in drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, must have read and approved the final version of the manuscript and approve of its submission to this journal. Any change in authorship following initial submission would have to be agreed by all authors as would any change in the order of authors (For further information please visit ICMJE).


-      Changes to authorship

This statement concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of submitted manuscripts as described in below:

After the manuscript is submitted or accepted for publication, the corresponding author is required to send a request to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names of the submitted/accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) signed AJMB Change to Authorship Form by all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Managing Editor to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. No authorship change is allowed after publication of manuscript.


Funding Source

Authors are requested to clearly identify who provided financial support for the conduct of research and/or preparation of the article and briefly describe the role of the funder/sponsor in any part of the work including design and conduct of the study, data collection, data management, data analysis and interpretation, preparation, review and approval of the manuscript. The following rules should be followed: 

-       The sentence should begin with: ‘This work was supported by …’.

-      The full official funding agency name should be given, i.e. ‘the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health’ or simply 'National Institutes of Health' not ‘NCI'(one of the 27 sub-institutions) or 'NCI at NIH’.

-      Grant numbers should be complete and accurate and provided in brackets as follows: ‘[grant number ABX CDXXXXXX]’

-     Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma as follows: ‘[grant numbers ABX CDXXXXXX, EFX GHXXXXXX]’

-       Agencies should be separated by a semi-colon (plus ‘and’ before the last funding agency)



Corresponding author will be sent page proofs (as PDF files) by email. These should be checked immediately and corrections, as well as answers to any queries, returned to the journal as an annotated PDF via email within 3-5 working days (further details are supplied with the proof). It is the author's responsibility to check proofs thoroughly.

We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. Therefore, it is important to ensure that all of your corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Please note that rephrasing sentences, additions, or omissions are not allowed at the proof stage.

Important Note: Authors should approve the PDF Proof and provide us with the corrections in due time. Not meeting the deadline and a long delay to respond could lead to withdraw of paper at this stage.



Withdrawal Definition: is an action that takes the manuscript out of the review process and places it back into the author's dashboard.
Our View Regarding Withdrawal
In General, we do not suggest article withdrawal, since it wastes valuable manuscript processing time, money and works invested by the publisher.
Withdrawal Steps

  • Pre-Review: is a period that an author(s) submit(s) her/his article until to be sent for review.
  • Peer-Review: is a period that manuscript submitted completely into the website and included in the review process.
  • Review – Final Decision: is a period from the acceptance of an article until to be sent for publication if the article meets the journal standards.
  • Post-Publication: when a paper is published (online and/or hard copy).

What Are Compelling Reasons?

  • Plagiarism
  • Bogus claims of authorship
  • Multiple submission
  • Fraudulent use of data or the like
  • Infringements of professional ethical codes

Author Enquiries

For inquiries relating to the submission of articles please contact the editorial office at:

E-mail: ajmb@umsha.ac.ir

Phone: +98 8138381795